Laws can be both morally wrong, such as with slavery, and/or factually wrong, such as with slavery. Slaves being considered 3/5ths of a person for the calculation of population is both morally and factually wrong, and was law in the USA for a period of time.
If a backup of my consciousness is available, why should I care? I am not the backup, I am this body and this mind. You seem to think that if I have a backup, then get run over by a truck, then have the backup take over, nobody has died. Well, I died, and then the backup, who is exactly like I was at a point in time, takes over. The function of my body has not been restored, my body has been destroyed and replaced. My memory has not been restored, my memory has been destroyed. A clone is living my life.
Consciousness can't be divorced from the components it runs on. Consciousness is the components it runs on. We are thinking meat.
Some, yes. I like John Stuart Mill and Utilitarianism, and this one guy I can't remember the name of who talks about the nature of consciousness. I think his first name is David.
He wrote a great story about a guy who had his brain put in a jar away from the rest of his body, and controlled his body through radio waves. He also had a backup computer that received exactly the same perceptions and functioned exactly like his brain, so as to have a constantly updating backup. However, the computer started receiving data slightly slower than his brain, which was enough to give it it's own sense of self. Do you know who I'm talking about?